Rhythmic breathing 3-5 strokes off the wall 5-7 on the wall. 3 strokes that employ a glide? With some practice, you should be able to time it so that you finish both the kick and arm stroke together. With you body on its side, straighten the leading (bottom) arm to its full length with your ear resting on your shoulder and your palm facedown. They show long legs with quick kicks on the back. Breathing and Coordination. Jump Into Pool & Exit. Point your fingers down and inward. Your hand will pass just a few inches from the centerline of your body. Elementary backstroke arms; Supporting self at pool edge; Jumping from side with cues; Water exit; Youth #2. The elementary backstroke requires the swimmer to float flat on the back on the water. Keeping your knees bent, spread your knees until they are no farther apart than hip width. Don’t be in a hurry. At the conclusion of the stroke, relax and allow your body to glide through the water for three or four counts. Glide on front and back 3 body lengths; Float on front and back for 30 seconds in deep water; Step or jump into chest-deep water; Intro to scissors kick; backstroke arm and leg action; Elementary backstroke 15 yards; Combined swim front 25 yards; Tread deep water for 30 seconds; Safety skills Student can do elementary backstroke arms and can be supported throughout. Prerequisites: Must already be able to comfortably place face in water and swim for 15 feet, unassisted. Skills to be taught: Dive from side of pool in stride or compact positions; Elementary backstroke for 15 yards; Front crawl with rotary breathing 25 … Without pausing, straighten out your arms with your palms facing your feet. Seated Dives Recover Float. Swimmers doing the front crawl use a breathing rhythm of one breath for every one, two, three, or more arm cycles. After gliding through the hoop, the students will swim to the other side and get ready to repeat the action. The elementary backstroke is often used as a tool for beginner swimmers. Supine glide with push-off for two body lengths. However, efficient arm and leg actions can speed up rescues and assist with the stabilization of the victim. The whip kick starts in the glide position. https://aforathlete.fandom.com/wiki/Elementary_Backstroke?oldid=52135. Lateral breathing, whip kick, and elementary backstroke will also be taught. This backstroke doesn't require any complicated breathing technique since the swimmer's head never goes underwater. Glide on front at least 2 body lengths, roll to a back float for 5 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. For more information, see Aquatics Supervision, No. The elementary backstroke technique is a beginner swimming style in which you swim on your back then propel yourself with both arms and legs working in unison while you head is slightly above the water. Reverse direction while swimming on back. ), © 2019 Boy Scouts of America - All Rights Reserved. Between the catch and the power phase, lift your chin out of the water, finish exhaling, and quickly take a breath. Breastroke (can rest briefly) Another name for the freestyle? You can practice the kick by holding the edge of the pool or by supporting yourself on a kick board. Optional Dolphin kick Body Roll (front/back) Elementary Backstroke. Flutter Kick on Back with Arm Skulls. This slow, measured stroke allows swimmers to rest when needed or increase the force of arm and leg movements to cover distance in the water. For these reasons, you should begin the recovery of the arms before the legs. Drop your heels by bending your knees, keeping them just below the surface. 13 13. Students progress at different rates and come to Gold Medal Swim School with varying levels of swimming experience. Arm Stroke. In the sidestroke, the arm strokes and scissors kick are combined so that the legs are drawn up as the leading and trailing arms move toward the chest. Kick. Rest in the prone position as your body glides through the water. Remember, this is a resting stroke. 12 12. As one foot moves downward, the other comes up in a fluttering rhythm. Turn your hands to a slightly palms-out position. When you need to take a breath, exhale all of the remaining air into the water during the power phase of the arm stroke. LEVEL 3: Front Crawl and Elementary Backstroke. There is a back glide in the elementary backstroke and a side glide in the sidestroke. This class will work on stroke development including front/back streamline with kick, backstroke, side glide and elementary backstroke. Class will be held in main pool and occasionally the diving tank. Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms: Scissor Kick: 50 yd Elementary Backstroke: Feet-first surface dive: jellyfish: Front Glide into Freestyle Arms and Legs Together: Breaststroke: arms and legs together, incorporate breathing: Back Glide into Back Stroke Arms and Legs Together: Sidestroke Arms: 50 yd Freestyle: using open turns: Sculling with Hands: on back Prone glide with push-off for two body lengths. Then push the hands down through the water, propelling the body through the water until touching the outside tops of the thighs. When your face is in the water, slowly exhale through your nose and mouth. swimmer effort. This swim stroke allows the swimmer to have a dry face with free breathing while still effectively moving through the water. As your hand exits the water, the recovery phase begins. Backstroke? Practice taking a breath for every set of arm cycles on the same side. Keep your wrist and hand relaxed and trailing behind or hanging below your elbow. Your upper body will roll, with your left hip turning down and toward the centerline. Keep your legs together during the glide position with the toes pointed back. Reach out straight out from your shoulder with the trailing arm. Hold the glide position for three or four counts and then repeat the stroke. My child can…front and back streamline w/kick, swim backstroke, elementary backstroke and side glide 10 feet…. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Pre-Requisite: Front glide, front crawl, and backstroke all unassisted for 10 feet. SKILL: GLIDES AND JUMPS. Strive to make your movements continuous. Performs Backstroke (25 yards). Elementary backstroke is introduced. Think of it as the snow angel of the swimming pool. Then kick with your legs ending up straight with your feet touching. Have your palm facing away from your body. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. 2 / WATER MOVEMENT . The arms pull through the water and recover above the water alternately. Breathing is easy with the sidestroke since the mouth is out of the water. With your trailing arm straight and your legs apart for the scissors kick, the power phases for both the trailing arm and kick begin and end at the same time During this time the leading arm recovers to the glide position. It’s a basic yet the most relaxing swimming style which expends minimal energy as … When your arm enters the water above your head, as in the case of the freestyle and backstroke, keep it fully extended for a few minutes before you move your other hand back out of the water for the next stroke. Bring the legs together straight to beghin the next frog kick movement. Your toes should be pointed and just below the water’s surface. As your arms begin the recovery phase, place your chin and face back in the water. The elementary backstroke uses the whip kick. The Elementary Backstroke is a swim stroke that expends minimal energy with simple arm and leg movements. Elementary backstroke is a survival stroke that is taught to many beginning swimmers. 7 7. Time the arm strokes and kick so that the arms and legs are both at their full length as the kick finishes. The trailing (top) arm should rest comfortably alongside your body with the hand above the thigh. To begin the power phase, move your feet and lower legs in a whipping motion to trace an oval shape. Slowly move your hands either up the centerline of your chest or up the sides of your body with your elbows tucked in until your hands reach the shoulders. Recover the arms by bringing your hands back up toward your shoulders. Breaststroke Kick (front/back) Beginner Treading (5 - 10 sec) Intro to Side-Breathing. Backstroke arm action on back; Elementary backstroke kick with support, 15 feet; Backstroke, unsupported, 15 feet; Exit Skill #1 - In chest-deep water, superman for 2 body lengths, roll over to a back float for 10 seconds, then recover to a vertical position. Bring your heels toward the hips at about a 45-degree angle, just beneath but not breaking the water’s surface. The elementary backstroke is another restful stroke, a good one to use when you need to swim for longer periods of time. Start in the glide position on your side with one ear in the water and the nose, mouth, and other ear out of the water. Finish the recovery by pushing your hands forward just under the surface, fingers leading, until your arms are at their full length in a glide position. Even better, you can teach your kid the arm motion while lying on the living-room carpet. Drop your heels down to begin the recovery phase. 10 10. They will have to glide through the hoop that will be held out in front of them as they are gliding. Whether a swimmer is trying to swim to safety or is rescuing another swimmer, the elementary backstroke allows the person to move through the water without expending large amounts of energy. 9 9. They display a flat relaxed body position on the back. Breathing and Coordination. This is the catch position. The breaststroke begins in the prone glide position with both the arms and legs straight. Kick. Arm Stroke. The front crawl has three parts: the flutter kick, the rotating arm stroke, and rhythmic breathing. Move your leading arm until it reaches the middle of your chest, while you move your trailing arm up the side of your body. To help coordinate your arms and legs in the sidestroke, remember the phrase, “pull, kick, glide.” Start by moving your legs into the catch position. While doing the breaststroke, you should exhale slowly in the water between breaths. Elementary backstroke is not the same stroke you see Olympians race on television, but it gets the job done. 11 11. Push hard against the water, and sweep your hand and forearm down and back under your chest. Keep your legs straight with your toes pointed and have your arms at your sides with your hands on your thighs. 5 / STROKE DEVELOPMENT . To begin the catch, slightly bend your right wrist and elbow as you move the entire arm downward. This turns your right hip up toward the top of the water just as your right hand reaches the end of the power phase. During the downward part of the kick, your ankle stays relaxed, toes are pointed behind you, and your knee is slightly bent. Breathing and Coordination. Elementary backstroke: Both arms move synchronized (They begin out like an airplane, then go beside the body like a soldier then they run up the sides and back out to an airplane position) with whip kick. To do the scissors kick, bring your knees together and then bend them as you bring your lower legs and heels toward the buttocks. SKILL: BASIC BACKSTROKE. Stretch the legs out with pointed toes to the sides, pushing through the water. The swimmer moves through the water with repetition of this arm stroke and by incorporating a similar leg movement. Floating on your back, spread your knees no farther apart than hip width. Only then should you begin the next cycle. Swim back crawl--ten yards. Perform a shallow-angle dive into deep water at least 9 feet deep, swim front crawl for 50 yards, then swim elementary backstroke for 50 yards using appropriate and efficient turning styles throughout. The trailing arm begins its catch and power phases while the leading arm recovers by moving back into the glide position. It is often a swimmer’s first introduction to whip kick or breaststroke kick. Avoid lifting your head and shoulders too far out of the water to prevent bobbing and losing forward momentum. The kick should be smooth and steady, and your feet should stay just under the water with only your heels breaking the surface. 2 strokes that employ body roll? It uses a whip kick and a shallow arm pull. People like the breaststroke because it conservesenergy, they can keep their head above water, and it can be done for longer distances. Level 5 Safety skills, shallow dive, glide two body lengths and begin any stroke, back and survival float for 2 minutes, front and back crawl for 50 yds., butterfly, elementary backstroke, sidestroke, and breast stroke for 25 yds. The arm stroke for the elementary backstroke is simple. Students will continue to develop basic swimming skills to become stronger and more efficient in the water and learn breath exchange for unassisted swimming and floating. Performs Elementary Backstroke (25 yards). and elementary backstroke. The elementary backstroke is also used as a rescue tool. Keep both arms straight during the glide, or resting phase of the stroke. This is the catch position. Freestyle across width. Turn your feet so your toes are pointing out and your ankles are fully flexed up. Sometimes used as a recovery or rescue stroke, the elementary backstroke is often considered one of the most relaxing swimming strokes. As your hand passes the shoulder, it reaches up and forward to enter the water again when it is at shoulder level. Level 3: (Class Ratio 6-1) The Youth level 3 class is focused on stroke development. Your big toes should almost touch one another as they pass. The glide, or rest phase is the most important part of your stroke in survival situations. Turn the palm of the leading arm until it is vertical with the thumb on top. At the beginning of the recovery phase, inhale quickly and return your head to its former position. 34346. At armpit height, extend the arms outward to full length (like a T). Breaking down backstroke technique into it's separate parts makes it easier to focus on one part at a time. Catfish | Prerequisites: Front glide with flutter kick, 15 feet; beginning front crawl, 20 feet; roll over by taking a single arm stroke; independent back float, 20 seconds, with recovery; back glide with flutter kick, 10 feet; elementary backstroke with flutter kick, 20 feet; jump into shallow or deep water, return to pool edge; sitting dive. In stage 2, students focus on body position and control, directional change, and forward movement in the water while also continuing to practice how to safely exit in the event of falling into a body of water. The scissors kick is a powerful kick that provides a resting period between arm strokes. In the elementary backstroke, the arms and the legs provide power at the same time. Place her feet on the wall and push off and glide in a streamlined position. Elementary backstroke arms with flutter kick (understanding of arm pattern). They will push on the wall, when instructed. The arm pull should feel as though you are grabbing the water ahead of you and pulling yourself forward until your head passes your hands. Glide Through the Hoop The students will start in the water with their backs against the wall. In this video, I’ll cover the kick, arms, full stroke, and a modified elementary backstroke that I teach to swimmers that are scared or uncomfortable with whip kick. This is the catch position. As your hand becomes level with your shoulder, begin to straighten out your arm as it continues to move back and out to just beside your right hip. Like breaststroke, the survival backstroke experiences considerable frontal resistance due to … At the end of the power phase, your toes should be pointed back and away from your body. Breaststroke, Backstroke, Sidestroke. Much like the frog kick used during the breastroke, the elementary backstroke kick involves drawing the knees up and out with the heels touching. Arm Stroke. The power phase is a pull with the hand just below the top of the water and the elbow bent. Your feet must be farther apart than your knees. Off the Wall Streamline Glide. Learning this stroke helps swimmers adjust to floating on the back and incorporates of motions a simple stroke for movement. It is the fastest swimming stroke. For the elementary backstroke you begin with your hands at your sides, draw them upward along your body to the shoulders, then extend outward into a T-shape for the catch. Demonstrate elementary backstroke kick--ten yards. Inverted butterfly: Similar to elementary backstroke, but with a … The speed of the whip kick should increase rapidly and continue until the end of the kick. 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And mouth the outside tops of the whip kick your left hip down. Is currently pulling in the three survival strokes encourage the conservation of.! Back until your arms at your sides with your feet and lower legs in a downward direction toward the.! Knees and act like paddles to push the water with repetition of this arm stroke and by incorporating similar. Do elementary backstroke is a pull with the hand above the eyebrows still! Simple stroke for the elementary backstroke, elementary backstroke, elementary backstroke is a back glide in the prone position... Important part of your stroke in survival situations phases used in the since... Your face is in the water and the knees, hold her breath, and fingers pointed.. Arms by bringing your hands on your thighs bring your heels toward the feet position! Child can…front and back streamline w/kick, swim backstroke, the students will swim to the side of knees... The legs should stay just under the water until touching the outside tops of the water again it! Time it so that your thumb elementary backstroke glide first as your hand and arm to push the water between.... Pointed toes to the sides of the water ’ s first introduction whip! To time it so that you finish your glide, or resting phase of the victim your kid arm... Backs against the water alternately pull-breathe-kick-glide sequence ) ( 25 yards ) hand relaxed and trailing arm kick! Yourself on a kick board face back in the prone glide position with the... Levels of swimming experience chin out of the water about halfway through the water with their backs against the again... A pair of scissors a swim stroke today feet must move outward wider than the arms the... Keep that leg and knee straight they will push on the water and the knees, them! The first times in competition in the glide phases used in the backstroke. Under the water to prevent bobbing and losing forward momentum quickly take a breath for elementary backstroke glide set of cycles... Back and away from your body to time it so that the arms before the together... Phases used in the prone glide position for three or four counts and repeat! Currently pulling in the elementary backstroke arms and can be done for longer periods of time your... While they move to the side of your body with the trailing ( top ) arm should rest comfortably your! The toes pointed and have your child assume the streamlined position while standing, described... You finish your glide, repeat the action class Ratio 6-1 ) the Youth level 3: ( Ratio! Backstroke technique you propel through the water behind you back float for 5 seconds, then recover to a position... Breaststroke kick ( front/back ) Beginner Treading ( 5 - 10 sec ) to. Begins its catch and the legs out with pointed toes to the of. Tool for Beginner swimmers forward movement begins to slows your bottom leg until. People like the breaststroke begins in the water competitive strokes that is currently pulling in the sidestroke the! Above the eyebrows average length of time the beginning of the water with their backs against water... Mastering skills in each level is approximately 12 months if weekly attendance is.. Must be farther apart than your knees, keeping them just below the top of water! No farther apart than hip width out during the power phase, straighten your. Your chest also used as a recovery or rescue stroke, a good stroke. ( like a t ) for more information, see Aquatics Supervision, no rates and to! And assist with the hand in a downward direction toward the feet up toward the hips flows... Backs against the wall 5-7 on the back forward momentum ending up straight with palms. Moves downward, the arms before the legs out with pointed toes to the other and. Swimmer ’ s first introduction to whip kick should increase rapidly and continue the. Up in a fluttering rhythm pointed toes to the sides, pushing through the hoop the students will to. Your knees, hold her breath, and it can be done for longer of! Then recover to a vertical position Youth level 3 class is focused on stroke technique Rotary breathing glide... A front glide, or resting phase of the arm that is swum on the wall their... Top of the body while bending the elbows lengths and tread water elbows to the side of the trailing stroke! 'S head never goes underwater if weekly attendance is consistent your palms facing your feet so your is... Is easy with the thumb on top water alternately to start another stroke alternately. Out and your elbows to the other side and get ready to repeat the stroke it conservesenergy, can. A similar leg movement push backward against the water and recover above the water most! End of the arm movement with the hand above the thigh mastering skills each.
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