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    The game takes place on a hard table divided by a net. In the 1950s, table tennis became integral to the countries of Asia. [84], On many continents, there is a governing body responsible for table tennis on that continent. [17], After the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, the ITTF instituted several rule changes that were aimed at making table tennis more viable as a televised spectator sport. [31] The player has the right to inspect their opponent's racket before a match to see the type of rubber used and what colour it is. The wooden portion of the racket, often referred to as the "blade", commonly features anywhere between one and seven plies of wood, though cork, glass fiber, carbon fiber, aluminum fiber, and Kevlar are sometimes used. Unlike the two aforementioned techniques, sidespin causes the ball to spin on an axis which is vertical, rather than horizontal. Otherwise, X is the next server and the order becomes X→A→Y→B. The lightweight hollow ball is propelled back and forth across the net by small rackets (bats, or paddles) held by the players. All About Table Tennis. Players employ this type of spin almost exclusively when serving, but at the professional level, it is also used from time to time in the lob. In the 19th century, the The receiving pair, however, can only choose in the first game of the match. In serving, no spin may be imparted to the ball by the fingers. [24] The rules say that the ball shall bounce up 24–26 cm (9.4–10.2 in) when dropped from a height of 30.5 cm (12.0 in) onto a standard steel block thereby having a coefficient of restitution of 0.89 to 0.92. A rule to shorten the time of a match, it is mainly seen in defensive players' games. The upper torso is positioned slightly forward and the player is looking forwards. In 1902, for the first time an unofficial world championship for ping pong was held. For example, the European Table Tennis Union (ETTU) is the governing body responsible for table tennis in Europe. Manufacturers often indicate the quality of the ball with a star rating system, usually from one to three, three being the highest grade. Unlike any of the techniques mentioned above, corkspin (or "drill-spin") has the axis of spin relatively parallel to the ball's trajectory, so that the Magnus effect has little or no effect on the trajectory of a cork-spun ball: upon bouncing, the ball will dart right or left (according to the direction of the spin), severely complicating the return. The net is 6 feet (1.8 metres) long, and its upper edge along the whole length is 6 inches (15.25 cm) above the playing surface. [51], The Seemiller grip is named after the American table tennis champion Danny Seemiller, who used it. It is the position every player initially adopts when receiving and returns to after playing a shot in order to be prepared to make the next shot. [38] Thereafter, the server and receiver must alternately make a return until the rally is over. Table tennis became an Olympic sport in 1988, with singles and doubles competition for men and women. History of Table Tennis Table Tennis is a relatively new sport. [52] [20] This created some controversies. The beginning of this Ping pong game flourishes in the 1880s. It is thought that upper-class Victorians in England invented table tennis in the 1880s as a genteel, after-dinner alternative to lawn tennis, using whatever they could find as equipment. The International Table Tennis Federation, which serves as the governing body for the game (ITTF) was also founded in 1926. This imparts topspin to the ball. For example, when the last order of play before a pair score 5 points in the final game is A→X→B→Y, the order after change shall be A→Y→B→X if A still has the second serve. In the late 1800s table tennis adopted the trademark name of Ping-Pong by the Parker Brothers game company, after the name was invented by the English firm J. Jaques and Son. Watch as Jean-Michel Saive (BEL) plays against good friend Chuang Chih-Yuan (TPE) Tai-Ben International. In the last possible game of a match, for example the seventh game in a best of seven matches, players change ends when the first player scores five points, regardless of whose turn it is to serve. Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: players must allow a ball played toward them to bounce one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it bounces on the opposite side at least once. The game began in the 1880s, when lawn tennis players adapted their game to play indoors during the winter. Table tennis is governed by the worldwide organization International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF), founded in 1926. It is very possible for an opponent to execute a perfect loop, drive, or smash, only to have the blocked shot come back just as fast. Once introduced, the expedite system remains in force until the end of the match. After making a service or a return, the ball touches anything other than the net assembly before being struck by the opponent. This stroke is sometimes referred to as a "hook". The game was invented in England in the early days of the 20th century and was originally called Ping-Pong, a trade name. (A common but non-sanctioned method is for the players to play the ball back and forth three times and then play out the point. Since only one side of the racquet is used to hit the ball, two contrasting rubber types can be applied to the blade, offering the advantage of "twiddling" the racket to fool the opponent. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The history of table tennis is coloured by a great many champions, including the Austro-Briton Richard Bergmann, Franco-Polish player Aloizy Ehrilich and the Romanian Angelica Rozeanu. Alterations are frequently made to regulations regarding equipment in an effort to maintain a balance between defensive and offensive spin choices. The sport originated in Victorian England, where it was played among the upper-class as an after-dinner parlour game. History. By that time, players had begun increasing the thickness of the fast sponge layer on their paddles, which made the game excessively fast and difficult to watch on television. It was probably played with improvised equipment in England, during the last quarter of the 19th century. In this section documents about the history of table tennis are available: Historical Documents Hall of Fame History of ITTF Rankings (1926-1987, 1987-2000) History of Table Tennis in the Olympic Games ITTF Management ITTF Merit Awards Past World Championships Results Rules Evolution Table Tennis Magazine World Champions World Championships & Olympic Games Summary World Team … A flip is not a single stroke and can resemble either a loop drive or a loop in its characteristics. [57] Thus, though backed off the table by tens of feet and running to reach the ball, a good defensive player can still win the point using good lobs. From 1988 until 2004, these were men's singles, women's singles, men's doubles and women's doubles. 12th Century AD: The game of table tennis probably descended from the the game of "Royal Tennis" (also known as Real Tennis or Court Tennis), which was played in the medieval era. Some defensive players can also impart no-spin or sidespin variations of the chop. In order to attack a push, a player must usually loop (if the push is long) or flip (if the push is short) the ball back over the net. A lob can have nearly any kind of spin. The sound generated in play gave the game its first name of ‘wiff-waff’. Table tennis equipment is relatively simple and inexpensive. Despite high speed play and rapid exchanges, a player can see clearly what side of the racket was used to hit the ball. One year later (1926), the International Table Tennis Federation was formed. Omissions? A match shall consist of the best of any odd number of games. Table Tennis emerged in England in the early 20th century with its trademark name; Ping-Pong. Japanese and Korean penholders will often use a square-headed racket for an away-from-the-table style of play. The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage, effective in 2002. Players are equipped with a laminated wooden racket covered with rubber on one or two sides depending on the grip of the player. Like the backspin stroke, however, the axis of spin remains roughly perpendicular to the trajectory of the ball thus allowing for the Magnus effect to dictate the subsequent curvature. [73] A Grand Slam is earned by a player who wins singles crowns at the Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup. A good loop drive will arc quite a bit, and once striking the opponent's side of the table will jump forward, much like a kick serve in tennis. Current rules state that, unless damaged in play, the racket cannot be exchanged for another racket at any time during a match. Interest to the spectator lies in observing the ability of one player to defeat another by well-thought-out strategy. [4] Table tennis has been an Olympic sport since 1988,[5] with several event categories. [1][13], In the 1930s, Edgar Snow commented in Red Star Over China that the Communist forces in the Chinese Civil War had a "passion for the English game of table tennis" which he found "bizarre". As a receiver under the expedite system, completing 13 returns in a rally. High society origins It is thought that upper-class Victorians in England invented table tennis in the 1880s as a genteel, after-dinner alternative to lawn tennis, using whatever they could find as equipment. [57] The stroke itself consists of lifting the ball to an enormous height before it falls back to the opponent's side of the table. That means the first receiver of the game is the player who served to the first server of the game in the preceding game. The ball touches the net in service (service), provided the service is otherwise correct or the ball is obstructed by the player on the receiving side. Corkspin is almost always mixed with another variety of spin, since alone, it is not only less effective but also harder to produce. [37] The server strikes the ball with the racket on the ball's descent so that it touches first his court and then touches directly the receiver's court without touching the net assembly. Though table tennis players grip their rackets in various ways, their grips can be classified into two major families of styles, penhold and shakehand. It was first conceived by a British officer in 1881. [11] The International Table Tennis Federation (ITTF) followed in 1926. [43] In competition play, matches are typically best of five or seven games. The name table tennis was adopted in 1921–22 when the old Ping-Pong Association formed in 1902 was revived. If the service is "good", then the receiver must make a "good" return by hitting the ball back before it bounces a second time on receiver's side of the table so that the ball passes the net and touches the opponent's court, either directly or after touching the net assembly. A good chop will float nearly horizontally back to the table, in some cases having so much backspin that the ball actually rises. The serve is made from behind the end of the table, the server tossing the ball upward from the palm of the free hand and striking it as it descends so that it first bounces on the server’s own court and then, passing over the net, bounces on the opponent’s court. The player, in a half-turn stance, swings downward while "brushing" or grazing the lower half of the ball with an open racket face (the top of the blade tipped away from the net). In doubles, all the rules of single play are applied except for the following. A Table Tennis Timeline. A notable exception is Michael Maze. (It is possible to play defensive topspin-lobs from far behind the table, but only highly skilled players use this stroke with any tactical efficiency.) o An Englishman who visited U.S. in 1900 who brought some hollow celluloid balls home and Aside from the initial direction change when bouncing, unless it goes out of reach, the opponent can counter with either topspin or backspin. 1901 Hamley’s of Regent Street, then a sports manufacturer, was the first to manufacture a racket for wiff waff. '[53], The stance in table tennis is also known as the 'ready position'. When the player on the receiving side is not ready and the service is delivered. Early celluloid objects have become collector’s items and museum artifacts, valued as specimens of an artificial plastic based on naturally occurring raw materials.…, Pong, groundbreaking electronic game released in 1972 by the American game manufacturer Atari, Inc. One of the earliest video games, Pong became wildly popular and helped launch the video game industry. Singles and doubles are both played in international competition, including the Olympic Games since 1988 and the Commonwealth Games since 2002. In 2016, the Philippines Olympic Committee(POC) defunct TATAP as member of the National Sports Association(NSA). A player will typically execute a smash when the opponent has returned a ball that bounces too high or too close to the net. A push resembles a tennis slice: the racket cuts underneath the ball, imparting backspin and causing the ball to float slowly to the other side of the table. It involves the feet being spaced wider than shoulder width and a partial crouch being adopted; the crouch is an efficient posture for moving quickly from and also preloads the muscles enabling a more dynamic movement. Table tennis can be traced back to Victorian England, as a form of after-dinner amusement for upper class Victorians in the 1880s. Traditionally these square-headed rackets feature a block of cork on top of the handle, as well as a thin layer of cork on the back of the racket, for increased grip and comfort. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? [66] Other strong teams come from East Asia and Europe, including countries such as Austria, Belarus, Germany, Hong Kong, Portugal, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Sweden, and Taiwan.[67]. 'S court or beyond their end line without touching their court, being! 11 and up ) more fast-paced and exciting causes major changes in table tennis at. Material ball lateral movement the 1960s, [ 1 ] [ 55 ] the loop is a... Cases to circumvent the net when away from the table and when the player serving the ball is on way..., 31 % of naturalized players in professional competition because it gives the opponent wooden tables or derivates... In 1891, a trade name were introduced to Britain by sports goods manufacturer S.W in the 20th! 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