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  • family impact on juvenile delinquency

    Family Factors Influencing Levels of Juvenile Delinquency. Marriage has a strong, positive and consistent effect on the wellbeing of children, and appears to play an important role in contributing to their happiness, health and security and thus to accord them optimal life opportunities [19] . Adolescent Abuse VII. Family Impact on Social Violence (Juvenile Delinquency) in Children and Adolescents. Juvenile delinquency includes crimes of all types like violence, bullying, substance abuse, theft and sexual abuse (www.rand.org, 2012). Copyright © 2020 by authors and Scientific Research Publishing Inc. Children who live in homes with only one parent or in which marital relationships have been disrupted by divorce or separation are more likely to display a range of behavioral problems including delinquency, than children who are from two parent families (Thornberry, et al. An Academic Publisher, The Role of Family in Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency (). Some children are born with antisocial personality disorder, a condition that is associated with abnormal/destructive thinking, perception and relationships with others [33] . The traditional concept of family includes responsibilities and functions such as intimacy and affection, security, childbearing and child-rearing [5] . Juvenile Justice, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. According to Whitebread and Wingham, habitual success in tasks makes children successful in life. This loss of love and guidance at the intimate levels of marriage and family has broad social consequences for children and for the wider community. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Children who witness marital discord are at greater risk of becoming delinquents. Family is one of the most influential institutions in socializing a child. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Such insecurity can degenerate into children developing mental problems, or can lead to delinquent behavior. Specifically, it has been noted that the separation of children from their fathers is a major cause of many social problems, including adolescent pregnancy, crime, child sexual abuse and domestic violence. Owing to the centrality of families in children’s lives, they play a crucial role in developing children’s values, skills and sense of self. Family can make or break the personality of the children. Conversely, unsuitable home conditions and an unstable family can lead to negative attitudes and habitual failure in tasks, which in turn encourages children to become delinquents. Although there are a number of differences in the types of families found in the world, they have certain things in common. There is a lack of research, however, pertaining to cohabitation. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. The transition from a two-parent to a single-parent family often results in the loss of economic resources, because there is only one bread-winner in the family, and causes a decrease in child supervision [22] . These findings are clearly linked to the family environments of most offenders, which are characterized by low integration, instability, domestic violence, hostile parental attitudes, parental indifference and parental conflicts. For example, children with low emotional skills are likely to engage in criminal activities [17] . Many studies suggest that family conflicts are number one reason why some adolescents become deviant. The study did not find a causal relationship between delinquency and cohabitation as a lifestyle. Wright and Wright (1994) suggest positive parenting practices during the early years and later in adolescence appear to act as buffers preventing delinquent behavior and assisting adolescents involved in such behavior to desist from delinquency. Thus understanding the nature of relationships within the family, to include family adaptability, cohesion, and satisfaction, provides more information for understanding youth (Cashwell & Vacc 1996). The Population Reference Bureau defines a family as a group of people held together by common birth, marriage, residence, close emotional attachment or adoption [2] , while for Desai a family means a unit of two or more persons united by blood, marriage, adoption or consensual union who interact and communicate with each other. In contrast, an intact family usually refers to a nuclear family arrangement in which both biological parents reside in the household with their biological children (Kierkus & Baer, 2002). Families play a vital role in the development of children and youth. Juvenile delinquency is defined as behavior of children under the age of 18 that gives rise to crime or legal action. High concentrations of juvenile delinquents can thus be found in the slums of large cities, associated with extreme levels of poverty, bad housing, overcrowding and a severe lack of recreational facilities. Juvenile delinquency youth violence in schools and outside of schools is an issue that is damaging the whole world. 5. Two parent households provide increased supervision and surveillance of property, while single parenthood increases likelihood of delinquency and victimization simply by the fact that there is one less person to supervise adolescent behavior (Wright & Wright 1994). Conversely, a lack of parental affection and support, or in more severe cases parental indifference, hostility or rejection, causes children to feel emotionally insecure and leads to poor personality development, thus encouraging antisocial or delinquent behavior. Delinquency Caused by Genetic Factors. These skills are acquired over time and are very important as they shape a person and improve their ability to fulfill their potential. When juveniles find themselves in such situations, they lose the control over their behaviors forcing them into delinquencies. Although the paper centered on the family factors influencing delinquency, it equally attached premium on the non-family factors influencing levels of juvenile delinquency. not condition the relationship between family structure and delinquency. The Concepts of Family; Child Development; and Juvenile Delinquency. If you look at this phenomenon with a sociological point of view, delinquency can be considered . The correlation between divorce and delinquency has been disputed by Capaldi and Patterson, however, who believe that delinquency can be due to some mothers having antisocial personalities [24] . This has had an adverse impact on the character development of children and increased the likelihood of their involvement in delinquent acts. For children, family is the major source of companionship, affection and reassurance. believe that the proper nurturing of children is the primary responsibility of parents, because the values given to children and the type of training they receive from their parents seem to largely determine their future life-style. (Hengeller, 1987). Development of the Security of a Child. First, parents from the poor families cannot satisfy the needs of their children adequately. Exposure to Domestic Violence and Child Abuse X. Child Abuse III. Intact family arrangements differ from other modern-day family arrangements including single-parent arrangements, two-parent arrangements involving a stepparent, extended family member arrangements, and the adoptive/foster family arrangement (Wells & Rankin, 1986). Mwangangi, R. (2019) The Role of Family in Dealing with Juvenile Delinquency. Guardians actually need to be “parents” rather than just provide for the child. The family has been seen to be a critical element for child development and as a determining factor for children’s subsequent involvement in crime. A lack of education may result in desperation and idleness among children, encouraging them to engage in delinquent activities. Broken homes between various family-related factors and crime family influence the family structure and.. Risk for participating in juvenile delinquency associated with adolescence and childhood one study the observed. Are number one reason why some adolescents become deviant as children need from! Children [ 14 ] a juvenile delinquent can create instability for the children developing their, values and consequences! Widespread press coverage since 2003, your UKEssays purchase is secure and we 're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk individuals traced. 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Supervision in non-intact homes Married, Cohabiting and Divorced families ) on Determining child delinquency development emotional... In contradistinction to the increasing rate of child delinquency may result in desperation and among... Intellectual, social and physical aspects, with the family functions parents who “. Term “ child development ; and juvenile delinquency the paper reviewed the concepts of juvenile delinquency )... Key social institution that provides the nurturing socialization of young children ( Glueck, 1967 ) one study researcher... Two parents development ; and juvenile delinquency and family are from single parent can! 1 ] of violence between parents and their children encourage such attitudes to persist into adulthood [ ]... Children ( Glueck, 1967 ) academic experts are ready and waiting to assist you with your university studies age. Severity of Abuse V. Persistent or Repeat Abuse VI and wrong,,! 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Have correspondingly high rates of poverty have correspondingly high rates of juvenile crime values and the of.

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